In North Africa, where the inscriptions and material remains are more plentiful, aside from being the consort of Baal Hammon, Tanit was also depicted as the Heavenly Goddess of War, a virginal “mother” goddess, and less specifically, a symbol of fertility.
Her shrine excavated at Sarepta in southern Phoenicia revealed an inscription that identified her for the first time in her homeland and related her securely to the Phoenician Goddess Astarte (who was also identified with Ishtar). The worship of Tanit was also uncovered at Kerkoyane in the Tunisian Cap Bon peninsula.
The origins of Tanit are believed to have originated in Ugarit pantheon (located in Syria) and in particular with the Ugaritic Goddess Anat, who was a consumer of blood and flesh. There is significant, albeit disputed, evidence, both archaeological and within ancient written sources, pointing towards child sacrifice forming part of the worship of Tanit and Baal Hammon. Tanit was also a Goddess to the ancient normadic people referred as the Berbers.
Her symbol, found on many ancient stone carvings, appears as a trapezoid/trapezium closed by a horizontal line at the top and surmounted in the middle by a circle: the horizontal arm is often terminated either by two short upright lines at right angles to it or by hooks. Later, the trapezoid/trapezium is frequently replaced by an isosceles triangle, which was interpreted as a woman raising her hands. She was also depicted as a woman with a lion’s head, indicating her warrior quality.
In ancient Egypt, she was associated with the war Goddess Neith where her name was believed to mean “Land of Neith”. After the fall of Carthage, Tanit is still venerated in North Africa under the Latin name of Juno Caelestis, for her identification with the Roman Goddess Juno.